All Belgians aged 12 and above are issued with an identity card. Belgians aged 15 and above are required to always carry it with them unless
they are within 200 m from their homes. (Foreigners must at all times be able to provide identification, either a passport, or an identity document issued by another EU member state.)
Holders who are Belgian citizens are also entitled to use the card for international travel within the European Union and a number of other European states, such as Macedonia, Croatia, Serbia, and Albania in lieu of a Belgium passport. Although required to carry the card, Belgians are not required to show their identity cards unless dealing with: certain government agencies, police and authorised bus and train personnel.
All residents of Belgium over the age of 12 are required to carry an identity card with them at all times. For all children under the age of 12 must have a name card with them. This usually comes in the form of a plastic envelope carried around their necks at times when not with parents. Random checks are no longer prohibited Under Belgium law, however if a police officer suspects a crime has been committed it will give him cause to ask you to produce your identity card. If you cannot show the card an administrative arrest will be made – this means you are held for up to 12 hours until your identity can be made, and establish your right to be in Belgium. If you are waiting for your identity card to be issued by the authorities it is a good idea to carry your passport with you at all times. Identity cards for foreigners will need to be renewed every year, and if you are moving house (even in the same commune) you have 8 days to apply for a new card. How to Apply For an Identity Card
EU and non EU members both need to apply for an identity card. All family members’ over 21 are required to register in person at the town hall. To apply for all applicants will need 3 passport photos, a medical certificate ,a police certificate, a work permit and a visa if a non EU member. A small charge is made for the application but varies from commune to commune; some communes will also take fingerprints. All fields on the card are bilingual (English in combination with the holder’s choice of French, Dutch or German) and the terms Belgium and “Identity Card” in all four languages. They are in credit card format (ID1) and contain a 3-line machine-readable strip on the back starting with IDBLG. The card holds the following information: Passport photos (3) of the bearer’s face Names of the holder (Surname and first two given names, initials of further given names) Date and place of birth Sex Nationality: Belg (Belgium) ID card number, 12 digits Validity period (normally 5 years) Signature Identification number of the national register – each person is given an individual unique number for administration purposes and consists of 11 digits Place of issue If the holder wishes, the following info will be stated – Marital status Before 2005, the ID did not contain a chip, and the address of the holder was printed on the card. Currently, this is written only on the chip. The ID card may be used as a form of identification when traveling within the EU. For most countries outside the EU, Belgian citizens require a passport.